The two main types of cannabis plants are indica and sativa. Each strain has its own array of effects on the body and mind. Indica strains generally provide a sense of deep body relaxation. Where as, sativa strains tend to provide a more energizing experience.
Cannabis growers also breed plants from both an indica and a sativa. These unique strains are better known as hybrids and are often grown to target specific effects.
Origin: Cannabis sativa is found primarily in hot, dry climates with long sunny days. These include Central America, Africa, Southeast Asia, and western parts of Asia
Plant description: Sativa plants are tall and thin with finger-like leaves. They can grow to be over 12 feet tall, and take longer to mature than some other types of cannabis plants.
CBD to THC ratio: Sativa typically has lower doses of CBD and higher doses of THC.
Common effects: Sativa frequently produces a “mind high,” or an energizing, anxiety-reducing effect. If you use sativa-dominant strains, you may feel productive and creative, not and lethargic and relaxed.
Best time of consumption: Due to its stimulating impact, sativa can be used in the daytime.
Origin: Cannabis indica is native to Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, and Turkey. The plants have adapted to the often harsh, dry, and turbulent climate of the Hindu Kush mountains.
Plant description: Indica plants are short and stocky with bushy greenery and chunky leaves that grow wide and broad. They grow faster than sativa, and each plant produces more flower or buds.
CBD to THC ratio: Indica strains typically have higher levels of CBD and less THC.
Common effects: Indica is well know for its intensely relaxing effects. It may also reduce pain and nausea and increase appetite.
Best time of consumption: Because of its deep relaxation effects, indica is best consumed at night.
Origin: Hybrids are typically grown from a combination of sativa and indica strains.
Plant description: The appearance of hybrid strains primarily depends on the combination of the parent plants.
CBD to THC ratio: Many hybrid cannabis plants are grown in order to increase the THC percentage. However, each kind has a unique ratio of CBD and THC content.
Common effects: Growers and producers select hybrids for their unique effects. They can range from reducing stress and anxiety to easing symptoms of radiation or chemotherapy.
Best time of consumption: This depends on the main effects of the hybrid.